Feast and Holy Days – God’s appointed times also called moedim are found in the book of Leviticus chapter 23. These are the Lord’s feasts and are for all who believe in the God of Israel. The Lord said to Moses speak to the Israelites and say to them these are my appointed feasts, the appointed feasts of the Lord which you article claim as sacred assemblies. (Lev 23:2)
The Sabbath – God’s Calendar begins with the Shabbat. This is very instructive for us as it teaches us that the Shabbat is the first of God’s holy days and is the entry point into our relationship with God. God says: “There are six days when you may work but the 7th day is a Sabbath of rest a day of sacred assembly you are not to do any work wherever you live it is a Sabbath to the Lord.” (23:3)
The Passover and Feast of Unleavened Bread – Passover and Unleavened Bread is the first feast and is observed at the beginning of Spring at the biblical New Year of Nisan (also called Aviv). It signifies freedom and renewal. We celebrate freedom from slavery in Egypt. It also points to freedom from slavery to sin. We read: “The Lord’s Passover begins at Twilight on the 14th day of the first month on the 15th day of the month the Lord’s feast of unleavened bread begins. For seven days you must eat bread made without yeast. On the first day hold a secret assembly and do not do any regular work. For seven days present and offering made to the LORD by fire and on the 7th day hold a sacred assembly and do no regular work” (4-8)
Firstfruits – Firstfruits is a picture of resurrection from the dead, that first began with Yeshua. Since Yeshua has been raised from the dead as a first fruit unto God, we have a guarantee that there is a resurrection for those who by faith, believe. The Lord said to Moses speak to the Israelites and say to them “when you enter the land I’m giving to you and you reap its harvest, bring to the priest a sheaf of the first grain you harvest. He is the wave the sheaf before the LORD so it will be accepted on your behalf. The priest is to wave it on the day after the Sabbath on the day when you waive the sheaf. (9-11)
Feast of Weeks/Shavuot – Feast of Weeks or Shavuot recalls the giving of the Torah at Mount Sinai and the giving of the Holy Spirit some 1500 years later. During this time, we count the Omer, which begins from the waving of the sheaf at firstfruits to the day before Shavuot. In other words, we count 50 days upward to the giving of the Torah. “From the day after the Sabbath that day you brought the sheaf of the wave offering count off seven full weeks count or 50 days after the day after the 7th Sabbath, and then present an offering of new green to the LORD. from wherever you live bring 2 loaves made of two-tenths of an ephah of fine flour baked with yeast, as a wave offering of firstfruits to the LORD.” (15-22)
Feast of Trumpets – This day is celebrated at the beginning of Fall with trumpets blasts of the blowing of the Shofar (Ram’s horn). It is celebrated as the Birthday of Creation. We also celebrate Rosh Hashana also known as the Jewish New Year. “The Lord said to Moses say to the Israelites “on the first day of the seventh month you are to have a day of rest a sacred assembly commemorated with trumpet blasts. Do no regular work but present an offering made to the Lord by fire.” (23-25)
Day of Atonement – Also known as Yom Kippur on the Jewish Calendar, the Day of Atonement is the only biblically commanded fast when we are called to “afflict our souls.” During this time, we fast for 25 hours and engage in deep introspection and teshuva (repentance). “The tenth day of the seventh month is the day of atonement. Hold a sacred assembly and deny yourselves and present an offering me to the Lord by fire. Do not work on that day, because it is the day of atonement, when atonement is made for you before the Lord your God. Anyone who does not deny himself on the day must be cut off from his people. I will destroy from among his people anyone who does any work on that day. You shall do no work at all. This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come whether you live wherever you live. It is a Sabbath of rest for you and you must deny yourselves from the evening of the ninth day of the month until the following evening you are to observe.” (26-32)
Feast of Tabernacles – This feast is a picture of the Messianic age when peace will be upon the earth and Yeshua will rule over the earth. During this time, we live in booths as a prophetic act symbolizing the world to come (Olam Haba). “Say to the Israelites on the fifteenth day of the seventh month, the LORD’s Feast of Tabernacles begins and it lasts for seven days. The first day is a sacred assembly; Do no regular work. For seven days present offerings made to the Lord by fire and on the eighth day hold a sacred assembly and present an offering me to the Lord by fire. It is the closing assembly; Do no regular work. (33-36).